Cotton Belt Railroad Hospitals


Cotton Belt Hospital in Tyler

The St. Louis, Arkansas & Texas established itself as a pioneer in the railroad-hospital field in 1887 by opening a hospital department. The first hospital, built in Tyler, was completed in 1888 and operated there for 17 years.

Cotton Belt Hospital in Tyler

Cotton Belt Hospital in Texarkana

This concept worked well and was well respected; however, as the railway grew geographically, it was decided to relocate the hospital to a more central city. The railroad purchased a 37-acre tract of land in Texarkana, Arkansas and built a new hospital there in 1904. Situated high on a hill, the structure was surrounded by park-like grounds. In 1927, a nurses' home was added to the grounds.

Early photo of the Cotton Belt Hospital, Texarkana, ArkansasEarly photo of the Cotton Belt Hospital, Texarkana, Arkansas
Vintage postcard of the Cotton Belt Hospital, Texarkana, Arkansas - TexasVintage postcard of the Cotton Belt Hospital, Texarkana, Arkansas - Texas

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